new religions

new religions, new religious movements (NRMs)
This concept refers to two separate religious phenomena. First, there are the new religious movements of aboriginal and tribal people in the Third World , which are the result of an interaction between local, indigenous religions and Christianity , and to a lesser extent Hinduism and Buddhism . Various terms have been given to such movements: messianic, nativistic , and revitalization movements. They are seen by anthropologists to be responses or adjustments by relatively powerless people to their social dislocation in the face of direct or indirect colonialism. The movements often borrow the radical theology of early Christianity to express a profound symbolic protest.
Second, there are new religious movements in the developed, industrial societies of the West, which are often associated with youth movements and the counter-culture. These movements are often syncretist, borrowing elements from many different religious and philosophical traditions. Sociologists have claimed that such movements satisfy the psychological and social needs of young people seeking a meaning for life which they cannot find in the mainstream religious traditions. Examples include the Divine Light Mission, Hare Krishna, the Unification Church, and Scientology.
Numerous typologies of the latter will be found in the literature. For example, in The Elementary Forms of the New Religious Life (1984), Roy Wallis offered a threefold distinction which identified world-rejecting, world-affirming, and world-accommodating types. The first of these represent attempts to escape from the impersonality, materialism, bureaucratization, and individualism of modern life. The International Society for Krishna Consciousness, Children of God, and Unification Church (‘Moonies’) are cited as examples. By comparison, movements such as Scientology, Transcendental Meditation, and the Japanese Soka Gakkai claim to offer practitioners greater success in achieving goals already set by the status quo, including individual material advancement, psychological well-being, and social popularity: they are therefore world-affirming. Finally, innovatory religions with a world-accommodating orientation carry few implications either for individual conduct in, or for rejection of, the larger secular world, since their primary purpose is to provide stimulation for personal and spiritual experiences. Movements such as the Charismatic Renewal and Neo-Pentecostalism simply instruct adherents to live life (however it is lived) in a more enthusiastically religious manner.
Wallis's typology is, however, only one of many possible classifications of the NRMs. Some idea of the alternatives, and of the enormous literature now available on this general topic, can be gained from’s lengthy bibliographical essay on ‘Cults, Converts and Charisma’, Current Sociology (1988). See also secularization.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Development of new religions — The process and mechanisms that lead to the emergence of religions proceed by innovations modifying existing traditions. Such innovations ultimately lead to schisms, reformations or divisions that separate a new tradition from its predecessor.… …   Wikipedia

  • The Challenge of the Cults and New Religions — Infobox Book name = The Challenge of the Cults and New Religions title orig = translator = image caption = Book cover, 2001 ed. author = Ron Rhodes illustrator = cover artist = country = USA language = English series = subject = Cults, New… …   Wikipedia

  • Center for Studies on New Religions — CESNUR (Центр изучения новых религий, итал. Centro Studi sulle Nuove Religioni, англ. Center for Studies on New Religions)  международная объединение учёных, занимающихся исследованием новых религиозных движений[1]. Центр был… …   Википедия

  • Center for Studies on New Religions — Das Zentrum für Studien über neue Religionen (CESNUR) ist eine internationale Vereinigung zum Studium des religiösen Pluralismus und der neuen religiösen Bewegungen, die 1988 von dem Juristen und Soziologen Massimo Introvigne, den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • new religious — new religions …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Religions by country — North America Canada · United States · …   Wikipedia

  • New Mormon history — refers to a style of reporting the history of Mormonism by both Mormon and non Mormon scholars which departs from earlier more polemical styles of history. Rather than presenting material selectively to either prove or disprove Mormonism, the… …   Wikipedia

  • New religious movement — A new religious movement (NRM) is a religious community or ethical, spiritual, or philosophical group of modern origin, which has a peripheral place within the dominant religious culture. NRMs may be novel in origin or they may be part of a wider …   Wikipedia

  • New Religious Movement — Introduction       the generally accepted term for what is sometimes called, often with pejorative connotations, a “cult.” The term New Religious Movement has been applied to all new faiths that have arisen worldwide over the past several… …   Universalium

  • New Age — This article is about the New Age movement and its spirituality. For the astrological age in western astrology, see Age of Aquarius. For other uses with the term New Age, see New Age (disambiguation). New Age spirituality often makes references… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.